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Mongolian culture


Political system

Protest 1990

iq option conto reale rischi In 1989 when communism began to fall elsewhere, the first organized opposition group named the Mongolian Democratic Union appeared in Mongolia organizing hanger strike in Sukhbaatar Square and extended street protests for fast reform, which forced the resignation of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party. However, eighty percent of the new Government was still elected from the old MPRP, which was held in 1992, four months after the foundation of new democratic constitution. In 1993, incumbent P.Ochirbat won the first popular presidential election running as the candidate of the democratic opposition.

Government Palace

The 1996 election represented an important change in Mongolia, as democratic forces attained government power for the first time.

In 1997, the second presidential election took place and MPRP member N.Bagabandi became President. Thus, the parliamentary majority was balanced by the President, nominated from the minority party. The main opposition party was the Democratic Party, which controlled a governing coalition from 1996 to 2000.

From 2000 to 2004 MPRP was back in power, but results of the 2004 elections required the establishing of the first ever coalition government in Mongolia between the MPRP and MDC (Motherland Democratic Coalition).


July 1, 2008

In the election of 2008, the MPRP won a clear majority (46 of 76 seats) in the State Great Khural. The Democrats won only 27 seats and the three remaining seats went to minor parties and an independent runner. When intermediary result was published on June 30, Democrats and other minor parties claimed the election was rigged and unacceptable. Protest against the election result turned to violence on July 1, and sacked the MPRP headquarter in Ulaanbaatar. There were horrible fights between protesters and police resulting 5 deaths among protesters and four-day state of emergency was declared at the midnight. July 1 is now black day in Mongolian history.

In the presidential election of 2009, Mr. Tsahiagyn Elbegdorj won as a candidate from Democratic Party.


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Now that I have had some time to process my amazing journey with you through the Discover Mongolia tour and I would like to write to thank you for a totally engaging experience. . .

Washington D.C

   Mrs. Margaret Hadley

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